Ginger is a tropical edible plant from Southeast Asia. Although Ginger looks like a tuner it is actually a rhizome. It the nods on the rhizome that are used to grow more ginger. Below is the growing and care information to help you grow your own ginger.
Sun – Ginger needs 4 to 6 hours of sunlight a day.
Soil – They can grow in a verity of soils as long as they don’t retain to much moisture. Ginger plants need well draining soil that doesn’t retain to much water. A good soil would be a sandy loams or soils rich in organic matter with peat moss.
Spacing – Space Ginger rhizome 12 inches apart to give them room to spread out horizontally.
Water – They need 1in/2cm of water weekly. Less when it’s cooler and more when it’s warmer. The goal is to keep the soil from getting to moist and to let it dry out. A little in between watering to prevent rot.
Food – Ginger needs to be fertilized often no matter what kind of fertilizer you use. Feed it once a month with a slow release and once you see green leaves use a liquid fertilizer once a week.
Annual or Perennial – Ginger is a perennial plant that comes back year after year. Until other plants it is not grown from seeds but it is grown from rhizomes that grow under ground. If you leave some rhizomes under the ground it will come back next growing season. If you live in a hot humid climate it will never stop growing.
Climate/Hardiness – Some types of ginger are hardy and can withstand temperatures as low as 20°F/-6°C. If the underground temperature does not freeze then the plants will come back next growing season. It is recommended to bring them indoors in the winter if you live in a cold climate.
Harvest – Harvest Ginger after the flowers have withered and the leaves have dried. This will ensure that the gingers skin is ruffed and thick enough to be handled without ripping or bruising.
Transplant – To transplant Ginger it best to wait until it is fully mature and it’s skin is thick. It will be easier to move and less likely to rip ensuring insects under the soil won’t eat it.
Tips – Once you cut Ginger you use some of the parts with nobs to plant and grow more ginger. Once you cut it make sure the slices have time to heal over and make a hard scab before you plant it. If you don’t let it heal over it will rot in the ground.